Information Accessibility

Information Accessibility and Disability

WA Quality Certification No.1/APP, SW Accessibility Certification & Consulting –WebWatch, Inc

Computer and Smartphone Ownership Rates and Internet Use Rates among Persons with Disabilities in Korea

Thanks to the rapid expansion of the World Wide Web and the growing population of Internet users, computer and smartphone ownership rates among persons with disabilities in Korea have been steadily increasing. Today people enjoy a wide array of Internet services, including electronic government, Internet banking, electronic commerce, education on the Internet, and Internet search for news. Thus, computers and smartphones have become essential tools of everyday living, not only for the general population, but also for persons with disabilities.

Computer ownership trend among persons with disabilities(year2011:Persons with disabilities 71.9% National Population 81.9%(10.0% gap), year2012:Persons with disabilities 73.0% National Population 82.3%(9.3% gap), year2013:Persons with disabilities 74.0% National Population 80.6%(6.6% gap), year2014:Persons with disabilities 74.0% National Population 78.2%(4.2% gap))Internet usage trend among persons with disabilities (year2011:Persons with disabilities 54.4% National Population 78.3%(23.9% gap), year2012:Persons with disabilities 55.5% National Population 78.4%(22.9% gap), year2013:Persons with disabilities 56.7% National Population 82.1%(25.4% gap), year2014:Persons with disabilities 59.1% National Population 83.6%(24.5% gap)) martphone ownership trend among persons with disabilities (year2010:Persons with disabilities 1.6% National Population 15.6%(14.0% gap), year2011:Persons with disabilities 8.6% National Population 39.6%(31% gap), year2012:Persons with disabilities 23.1% National Population 61.5%(38.4% gap), year2013:Persons with disabilities 39.9% National Population 74.3%(34.4% gap), year2014:Persons with disabilities 51.3% National Population 78.3%(27% gap))

Source: 2014 Fact-Finding Survey on Information Gap by Ministry of Science,
ICT and Future Planning, National Information Society Agency

For persons with vision disabilities

Persons with vision disabilities need voice and other audio assistance. Alternative text (alt = “00”) programs help them to “see” the same visual images in sound.

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For persons with hearing disabilities

Persons with hearing disabilities need visual aids, such as subtitles. Subtitles and sign language on videos and other multimedia materials help insure that they “hear” the same audio information visually.

Video subtitles provided smaple image

For persons with physical disabilities

Persons with brain lesions and upper limb disabilities need logical sequencing because they must use a keyboard to access information on the Internet. Suitable markups and language styles must be used to separate the structure from expression. Furthermore, the use of the “Tab” key, or the “Shift + Tab” function must result in a logical sequence of movement.

Use the keyboard instead of the mouse smaple image

Types of Disabilities and Internet Access Tools

Types of Disabilities and Internet Access Tools
Types of disability Characteristics Aid tools
Vision disability(Total blindness) Vision disability (Total blindness) Persons with total blindness have no or very little vision. Such a person can use a screen reader when using computers and the Internet. Screen reader
Vision disability(Low vision) Persons with low vision cannot distinguish small letters and objects. Depending on the degree of the impairment, such a person can use a screen expansion, a color inversion program, or both when using computers and the Internet. Screen expansion program
Hearing disability Person with total or partial hearing disability can use computers and the Internet when the information in sound is presented visually. -
Brain lesion/Physical disabilities Depending on the location of the lesion and the degree of the damage, a person may not be able to use his or her hands at all or may have a severe hand tremor. Such persons can utilize an aid tool appropriate for their condition to use computers and the Internet. Special keyboard/special mouse